British Columbia

The British Columbia First Nations have rich and varied cultures, histories and traditions. British Columbia is home to 198 First Nations, about one third of all First Nations in Canada.

BC has the greatest diversity of Aboriginal cultures in Canada. Seven of Canada's 11 unique language families are located exclusively in British Columbia, which is more than 60% of the country's First Nations languages.

In all, they speak seven major language familes broken up into over 30 dialects. Each nation has its own unique tradition and history.

Most British Columbia First Nations did not sign treaties in the past, making modern treaty negotiations a major undertaking. The Government of Canada, along with the Province of BC, is negotiating with 70 per cent of BC First Nations through the British Columbia Treaty Process.

Today, there are approximately 200,000 Aboriginal people in British Columbia. Aboriginal people include First Nations, Inuit, Métis and children of First Nations and European settlers.


  • Ahousaht First Nation
  • Aitchelitz Band


  • Beecher Bay First Nation
  • Bridge River Indian Band


  • Campbell River First Nation
  • Canim Lake Band
  • Cape Mudge Band
  • Cayoose Creek Band
  • Chawathil First Nation
  • Cheam Indian Band
  • Chemainus First Nation
  • Cowichan Tribes


  • Ditidaht First Nation


  • Ehattesaht First Nation
  • Esquimault Nation


  • Fountain Indian Band


  • Gwa'sala-'Nakwaxda'xw Nation


  • Halalt First Nation
  • Heiltsuk Nation
  • Hesquiaht First Nation
  • Hupacasath First Nation
  • Huu-ay-aht First Nation


  • K'ómoks First Nation
  • Kyuquot/Cheklesahht First Nation
  • Kwantlen First Nation
  • Kwaw-kwaw-a-pilt First Nation
  • Kwicksutaineuk First Nation


  • Lakahahmen First Nation
  • Lake Cowichan First Nation
  • Lil'wat First Nation
  • Lyackson First Nations


  • Malahat Indian Band
  • Matsqui First Nation
  • Mowachaht/Muchalaht First Nations


  • 'Namgis First Nation
  • Nanoose First Nation
  • Nuchatlaht First Nation
  • Nuxalk First Nation


  • Pacheedaht First Nation
  • Pauquachin First Nation
  • Penelakut Indian Band
  • Popkum Band


  • Qualicum First Nation
  • Quatsino First Nation


  • Scia'new First Nation
  • Scowlitz First Nation
  • Seabird Island Band
  • Sechelt Indian Band
  • Semiahmoo First Nation
  • Seton Lake Indian Band
  • Shxw'ow'hamel First Nation
  • Sinixt First Nation
  • Skawahlook First Nation
  • Skowkale First Nation
  • Skway First Nation
  • Snuneymuxw First Nation
  • Songhees First Nation
  • Soowahlie First Nation
  • Squamish Nation
  • Squiala First Nation
  • Sumas First Nation


  • Takla Lake First Nation
  • T'it'q'et First Nation
  • Tla-o-qui-aht First Nations
  • Tl’azt’en Nation
  • Toquaht First Nation
  • Tsartlip First Nation
  • Tsawout First Nation
  • Tseshaht First Nation
  • Tseycum First Nation
  • Ts'kw'aylaxw First Nation
  • Tsleil-Waututh First Nation
  • T'sou-ke Nation
  • Tzeachten First Nation



  • Westbank First Nation


  • Yakweakwioose First Nation

Article Index:

Nisga’a people in ceremonial dress

This gallery contains pictures of Canada’s First Nation Nisga’a people in ceremonial dress.

Pronunciation Guide to First Nations in British Columbia

This chart is a guide to the pronunciation of British Columbia First Nations.

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