First Nation Battles

When the Europeans arrived, First Nations were eager to trade furs for metal knives, axe heads, pots, needles, muskets, cloth, and glass beads.

The trade goods were quickly dispersed along First Nations' traditional trade routes, and the fur trade expanded rapidly.

There was fierce competition, often leading to warfare, between the French and British and their First Nations in North America all during the 1600s and 1700s.

British Americans and their Indian allies launched attacks into Canada at various times.

The French and their Indian allies would retaliate.

In effect the traditional wars among the First Nations people were continued on during the 1600s and 1700s but backed up now by powerful European partners who were themselves traditional enemies.

But traditional tribal warfare was now using much more sophisticated and destructive weaponry. And what had been war between Iroquois and Hurons was now superceded by war between the English (Americans) and the French.

During the War of 1812 Indian allies played important roles in the conflict. Chief Tecumseh and General Brock formed a partnership that helped capture Detroit from the Americans.

John Norton and his Iroquois warriors played a key role into striking fear into the American invaders at the Battle of Queenston Heights, on the Niagara Frontier, creating a psychology of panic that demoralized the American army leading to its defeat and retreat.

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