The Abittibi Indians are mentioned as a little known Algonkin band whose habitat has been the shores of Abittibi Lake, in Ontario, Canada. The first recorded notice of them is in the Jesuit Relations for 1640.
In the Jesuit Relations of 1660, the Iroquois warred upon them and two other tribes of the same area. French explorer Daniel Greysolon Sieur du Lhut included them in a list of nations living north of Lake Superior in 1684.
They were estimated by Chanvignerie in 1736 to be 140 warriors living with the Tětes de Boule. He mentions as their totems the partridge and the eagle. They were reported by the Canadian Indian Office to number 450 in 1878, after which date they are not officially mentioned.